Technical Textiles in Industry

Working with our customers, Universal Carbon Fibres provides woven oxidised polyacrylonitrile fabrics for carbonising and additional treatments, which are ultimately used within the electrochemical sector for applications including fuel cells and industrial-scale chemical processes. Our products are an integral part of the fabric solution to provide electrochemical customers with:

  • Conduction of thermal and electrical energy
  • Thermal and chemical inertness
  • Technically engineered structures to manage the flow of gases and liquids


Chlorine is produced by passing an electric current through a solution of brine (common salt dissolved in water). This process is called electrolysis and involves the raw materials salt, water, electricity, and three products produced chlorine, caustic soda and hydrogen. All three are highly reactive, and technologies have been developed to separate them and keep them apart. Chlorine is used in the production of polymers and resins including PVC & PU, whilst caustic soda an alkali, is widely-used in many industries, including the food industry, textile production, soap and other cleaning agents, water treatment and effluent control.

Universal Carbon Fibres innovative fabrics are an integral part of this process.

Chlorine and caustic soda alkali production plant

Fuel Cells

Woven oxidised pan fabrics are carbonised and used in the gas diffusion layer of fuel cells within automotive and static power. A fuel cell is a device that generates electricity by a chemical reaction. Every fuel cell also has an electrolyte, which carries electrically charged particles from one electrode to the other, and a catalyst, which speeds the reactions at the electrodes. Hydrogen is the basic fuel, but fuel cells also require oxygen. One great appeal of fuel cells is that they generate electricity with very little pollution — much of the hydrogen and oxygen used in generating electricity ultimately combine to form a harmless by-product, namely water.